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PROGRAMME FOR THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDER (IDD)

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INTRODUCTION

Iodine is an essential nutrient for normal thyroid function, growth and development. Iodine is required for formation of two types of thyroid hormone that functions to control body temperature, basal metabolic rate, reproduction and growth. Lack of iodine in the diet is associated with various health symptoms called Iodine Deficiency Disorder, (IDD).

The consequences of the effects of the severity and stage of development of iodine deficiency on health are as widespread as from intellectual damage to severe mental retardation and cretinism among children, hypothyroidism (where thyroid hormone production is below normal level) and facial puffiness or swelling and goitre due to prolonged iodine deficiency.

The National Study of the Control and Prevention of Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), (1995) conducted among school children aged between 8-10 years across the country has found that goitre prevalence among school children in Peninsular Malaysia is 2.2% while in Sabah is 17.9% and in Sarawak is 0.4%. However, there are some states in Peninsular Malaysia where goitre prevalence exceeds 5% thus leading to the decision to implement the Programme for the Prevention and Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) as a whole in identified states with the deficiency problem.

In addition, a variety of strategies and activities were planned and implemented to overcome IDD problem in Peninsular Malaysia. Programmes such as distribution of iodised salt to pregnant women and malnourished children in Perlis and certain areas of Kedah, Perak, Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan. In addition, nutrition education and counselling were given to improve their nutritional status as well more attention given to eradicate this problem.

PUBLICATION:

  • Guidelines on the Programme for the Prevention and Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD)

FURTHER INQUIRIES, PLEASE CONTACT:

Mr. Mohamad Soffian Mohamad Rasid
soffian@moh.gov.my
03-88924461